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1.15 Rotate API Keys Every 90 Days (Automated)


This rule has been changed to automated, see Automated Policies for CIS GCP 1.3.0 for details.

Profile Applicability

• Level 1


Best practices recommend rotating API keys every 90 days.


Security risks involved in using API-Keys are listed below:

  • API keys are simple encrypted strings

  • API keys do not identify the user or the application making the API request

  • API keys are typically accessible to clients, making it easy to discover and steal an API key

Because of these potential risks, Google recommends using the standard authentication flow instead of API Keys. However, there are limited cases where API keys are more appropriate. For example, if there is a mobile application that needs to use the Google Cloud Translation API, but doesn't otherwise need a backend server, API keys are the simplest way to authenticate to that API.

Once a key is stolen, it has no expiration, meaning it may be used indefinitely unless the project owner revokes or regenerates the key. Rotating API keys will reduce the window of opportunity for an access key that is associated with a compromised or terminated account to be used.

API keys should be rotated to ensure that data cannot be accessed with an old key that might have been lost, cracked, or stolen.


Regenerating Key may break existing client connectivity as the client will try to connect with older API keys they have stored on devices.


From Console:

  1. Go to APIs & Services\Credentials using

  2. In the section API Keys, for every key ensure the creation date is less than 90 days.


From Console:

  1. Go to APIs & Services\Credentials using

  2. In the section API Keys, Click the API Key Name. The API Key properties display on a new page.

  3. Click Regenerate Key to rotate API key.

  4. Click Save.

  5. Repeat steps 2,3,4 for every API key not rotated in the last 90 days.


Do not set HTTP referrers to wild-cards ( or .[TLD] or .[TLD]/) allowing access to any/wide HTTP referrers Do not set IP addresses and referrer to any host ( or or ::0)

Additional Information

There is no option to automatically regenerate (rotate) API keys periodically.