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6.2.3 Set the 'Log_disconnections' Database Flag for Cloud SQL PostgreSQL Instance to 'On' (Automated)

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Enabling the log_disconnections setting logs the end of each session, including the session duration.


PostgreSQL does not log session details such as duration and session end by default. Enabling the log_disconnections setting will create log entries at the end of each session which can be useful in troubleshooting issues and determine any unusual activity across a time period. The log_disconnections and log_connections work hand in hand and generally, the pair would be enabled/disabled together. This recommendation is applicable to PostgreSQL database instances.


Turning on logging will increase the required storage over time. Mismanaged logs may cause your storage costs to increase. Setting custom flags via command line on certain instances will cause all omitted flags to be reset to defaults. This may cause you to lose custom flags and could result in unforeseen complications or instance restarts. Because of this, it is recommended you apply these flags changes during a period of low usage.


From Console:

  1. Go to the Cloud SQL Instances page in the Google Cloud Console by visiting
  2. Select the instance to open its Instance Overview page
  3. Go to the Configuration card.
  4. Under Database flags, check the value of log_disconnections flag is configured as expected.

From Command Line:

  1. Ensure the below command returns on for every Cloud SQL PostgreSQL database instance:
gcloud sql instances list --format=json | jq '.settings.databaseFlags[] | select(.name=="log_disconnections")|.value'


From Console:

  1. Go to the Cloud SQL Instances page in the Google Cloud Console by visiting:
  2. Select the PostgreSQL instance on which to enable the database flag.
  3. Click Edit.
  4. Scroll down to the Flags section.
  5. To set a flag that is new to the instance, click Add item, choose the flag log_disconnections from the drop-down menu and set the value as on.
  6. Click Save.
  7. Confirm the changes under Flags on the Overview page.

From Command Line:

  1. Configure the log_disconnections database flag for every Cloud SQL PosgreSQL database instance using the below command:
gcloud sql instances patch <instance_name> --database-flags log_disconnections=on

This command overwrites all previously set database flags. To keep those and add new ones, include the values for all flags to set on the instance; any flag not specifically included uses the default value. For flags that do not take a value, specify the flag name followed by an equals sign ("=").


Additional Information


This patch modifies database flag values, which may require you to restart your instance. The list of supported flags is on this page, along with details of which flags require a restart:


Some database flag settings can affect instance availability or stability and remove the instance from the Cloud SQL Service-Level Agreement (SLA). For information about these flags, see Operational Guidelines.


Configuring the preceding flag does not require restarting the Cloud SQL instance.