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6.2.6 Set the 'Log_min_messages' Database Flag for Cloud SQL PostgreSQL Instance to at least 'Warning' (Automated)


This rule has been changed to automated, see Automated Policies for CIS GCP 1.3.0 for details.

Profile Applicability

• Level 1


The log_min_messages flag defines the minimum message severity level to consider as an error statement. The instance logs messages for error statements with the SQL statement. Valid values include DEBUG5, DEBUG4, DEBUG3, DEBUG2, DEBUG1, INFO, NOTICE, WARNING, ERROR, LOG, FATAL, and PANIC.

Each severity level includes the subsequent levels. ERROR is the best practice setting. Make changes in accordance with the organization's logging policy.


Auditing helps in troubleshooting operational problems and also permits forensic analysis. If log_min_error_statement is not set to the correct value, messages may not be classified as error messages appropriately. An organization will need to decide their own threshold for logging log_min_messages flag.

This recommendation is applicable to PostgreSQL database instances.


Setting the threshold too low will might result in increased log storage size and length making it difficult to find actual errors. Setting the threshold to 'Warning' will log messages most needed error messages. Higher severity levels may cause errors needed to troubleshoot to not be logged.


To effectively turn off logging failing statements, set this parameter to PANIC.


From Console:

  1. Go to the Cloud SQL Instances page in the Google Cloud Console by visiting
  2. Select the instance to open its Instance Overview page.
  3. Go to the Configuration card.
  4. Under Database flags, check the value of log_min_messages flag is in accordance with the organization's logging policy.

From Command Line:

  1. Use the below command for every Cloud SQL PostgreSQL database instance to verify that the value of log_min_messages is in accordance with the organization's logging policy.
gcloud sql instances list --format=json | jq '.settings.databaseFlags[] | select(.name=="log_min_messages")|.value'


From Console:

  1. Go to the Cloud SQL Instances page in the Google Cloud Console by visiting
  2. Select the PostgreSQL instance for which you want to enable the database flag.
  3. Click Edit.
  4. Scroll down to the Flags section.
  5. To set a flag that is new to the instance, click Add item, choose the flag log_min_messages from the drop-down menu and set appropriate value.
  6. Click Save to save the changes.
  7. Confirm the changes under Flags on the Overview page.

From Command Line:

  1. Configure the log_min_messages database flag for every Cloud SQL PosgreSQL database instance using the below command:
gcloud sql instances patch <instance_name> --database-flags log_min_messages=<DEBUG5|DEBUG4|DEBUG3|DEBUG2|DEBUG1|INFO|NOTICE|WARNING|ERROR|LOG|FATAL|PANIC>

This command overwrites all database flags previously set. To keep those and add new ones, include the values for all flags to set on the instance; any flag not specifically included uses the default value. For flags that do not take a value, specify the flag name followed by an equals sign ("=").


Additional Information


This patch modifies database flag values, which may require you to restart your instance. The list of supported flags is on this page, along with details of which flags require a restart:


Some database flag settings can affect instance availability or stability and remove the instance from the Cloud SQL Service-Level Agreement (SLA). For information about these flags, see Operational Guidelines.


Configuring the preceding flag does not require restarting the Cloud SQL instance.