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6.3.6 Ensure '3625 (trace flag)' database flag for all Cloud SQL Server instances is set to 'off' (Automated)

Profile Applicability

• Level 1

Description

It is recommended to set 3625 (trace flag) database flag for Cloud SQL SQL Server instance to off.

Rationale

Microsoft SQL Trace Flags are frequently used to diagnose performance issues or to debug stored procedures or complex computer systems, but they may also be recommended by Microsoft Support to address behavior that is negatively impacting a specific workload. All documented trace flags and those recommended by Microsoft Support are fully supported in a production environment when used as directed. 3625(trace log) Limits the amount of information returned to users who are not members of the sysadmin fixed server role, by masking the parameters of some error messages using '**'. Setting this in a Google Cloud flag for the instance allows for security through obscurity and prevents the disclosure of sensitive information, hence this is recommended to set this flag globally to off to prevent the flag having been left on, or turned on by bad actors. This recommendation is applicable to SQL Server database instances.

Impact

Changing flags on a database may cause it to be restarted. The best time to do this is at a time where there is low usage.

Audit

From Console:

  1. Go to the Cloud SQL Instances page in the Google Cloud Console by visiting https://console.cloud.google.com/sql/instances.
  2. Select the instance to open its Instance Overview page
  3. Ensure the database flag 3625 that has been set is listed under the Database flags section.

From Command Line:

  1. Ensure the below command returns off for every Cloud SQL SQL Server database instance
gcloud sql instances list --format=json | jq '.settings.databaseFlags[] | select(.name=="3625")|.value'

Remediation

From Console:

  1. Go to the Cloud SQL Instances page in the Google Cloud Console by visiting https://console.cloud.google.com/sql/instances.
  2. Select the SQL Server instance for which you want to enable to database flag.
  3. Click Edit.
  4. Scroll down to the Flags section.
  5. To set a flag that has not been set on the instance before, click Add item, choose the flag 3625 from the drop-down menu, and set its value to off.
  6. Click Save to save your changes.
  7. Confirm your changes under Flags on the Overview page.

From Command Line:

  1. Configure the 3625 database flag for every Cloud SQL SQL Server database instance using the below command.
gcloud sql instances patch <INSTANCE_NAME> --database-flags "3625=off"
note

This command will overwrite all database flags previously set. To keep those and add new ones, include the values for all flags you want set on the instance; any flag not specifically included is set to its default value. For flags that do not take a value, specify the flag name followed by an equals sign ("=").

References

https://cloud.google.com/sql/docs/sqlserver/flags
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/t-sql/database-console-commands/dbcc-traceon-trace-flags-transact-sql?view=sql-server-ver15#trace-flags

Additional Information

danger

This patch modifies database flag values, which may require your instance to be restarted. Check the list of supported flags - https://cloud.google.com/sql/docs/sqlserver/flags - to see if your instance will be restarted when this patch is submitted.

note

Some database flag settings can affect instance availability or stability, and remove the instance from the Cloud SQL SLA. For information about these flags, see Operational Guidelines.

note

Configuring the above flag restarts the Cloud SQL instance.